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Two Native Brazilians went into the woods to fetch water. One did not come back. The men campaigned for the protection of the Amazon forest. They were allegedly attacked by lumberjacks.
Activist Paulo Paulino fought for the protection of the Amazon forest

Indigenous activist Paulo Paulino was shot dead in the northeastern state of Maranhao by illegal loggers, local authorities and the human rights organization Survival International said. Another activist was injured but was able to escape. The two men belonged to the so-called "guardians of the forest" - a group that tries to protect areas of indigenous peoples from illegal logging.

"Bring those responsible to justice"

According to the Maranhao Human Rights Secretariat, the Guajajara tribe left their village to fetch water from the forest when they were surrounded by "at least five armed men." According to authorities, a lumberjack was missing after the incident. Information that he was also killed in the attack has not yet been confirmed. Brazilian Justice Minister Sergio Moro said on Twitter that the police had investigated murder. It was "important to bring those responsible to justice".
Brazil deforestation of the jungle (picture-alliance / Mary Evans Picture Library / N. Gordon)
The rainforest must give way to animal husbandry
Greenpeace condemned the attack on the two activists. 26-year-old Paulino and his injured companion Laércio are "the latest victims of a state that refuses to comply with the provisions of the constitution," the organization said. Greenpeace denounced "the inability of the state" to comply with its duty to protect indigenous activists and their territories.

Protecting Amazon from illegal clearance

Sarah Shenker, who visited the area for the Survival International organization a few months ago, told AFP that Paulino had fought with determination to protect the forests despite the death threats. The lack of commitment by the Brazilian government is driving the indigenous people to take on the "hard and dangerous job".
The "Guards of the Forest" were founded by the Guajajara, a tribe of about 14,000 people in the state of Maranhao. The activists have set themselves the goal of defending areas of indigenous peoples threatened by illegal logging and agricultural expansion. Among other things, they pass on GPS data from areas where they find deforested tree trunks, and they also support the fire brigade in the fight against forest fires.

More violence in indigenous protected areas

The Catholic Indian Missionary Council blamed President Jair Bolsonaro's policies for increasing violence in the indigenous protected areas. The indigenous people could no longer move freely on their own land today, the council said. Due to budget cuts at the Indian agency, there are almost no more patrols. Illegal intrusion into the protected areas is hardly punished. According to the Mission Council, 160 cases of illegal entry into protected areas were counted from January to September.
Brazil |  Fires in the Amazon (Reuters / B. Kelly)
Illegal slash-and-burn? A few months ago, a huge area of ​​the Amazon forest burned down
President Bolsonaro has been criticized internationally for months for his controversial environmental policy . He is accused of advocating the commercial exploitation of protected Amazonian areas. Bolsonaro is closely associated with the Brazilian agrarian lobby and doubts human responsibility for climate change.
A new memorial site for the murder victims of the National Socialist underground has been inaugurated in Zwickau. In the Saxon city, where the neo-Nazis had their last shelter, trees were planted.
At each of the ten trees a plaque with the name of one of the victims is embedded in the ground

Ten trees are reminiscent of the murder victims of the right-wing terrorist cell National Socialist Underground (NSU). On commemorative plaques, embedded in the ground, the name, age and occupation of those killed are recorded.
"We show that the NSU is a part of Zwickau history," said Mayor Pia Findeiß at the inauguration ceremony, attended by about 450 people. The trees and the commemorative plaques are at the same time a reminder to stand up for democracy and tolerance.
Germany New memorial site for victims of the NSU in Zwickau (picture-alliance / dpa / P. Endig)
A first memorial tree was sawed off by unknown persons at the beginning of October - mourners laid down candles and flowers there
The NSU had lived undetected for years in Zwickau underground. The terror cell, to which Uwe Mundlos, Uwe Böhnhardt and Beate Zschäpe belonged, is held responsible for nine murders of foreigners, the killing of a German policewoman as well as two explosive attacks and various robberies.
A first memorial tree for the murdered florist Enver Simsek, the first victim of right-wing terrorists, had been sawed off in early October. The act had caused nationwide indignation, but also triggered a wave of solidarity. Around 14,000 euros were donated to the city.
Zwickau |  New memorial place for victims of the NSU (picture-alliance / dpa / P. Endig)

On the sidelines of the inauguration, some of the participants and the police got into an argument after a young woman had damaged a wreath of the Zwickau AFD faction. Some observers defended the woman and argued that flowers from a party that was spreading its own ideas were another mockery of the victims. The police, however, evaluated the events as property damage. On Monday, Chancellor Angela Merkel wants to lay flowers at the memorial.
For weeks, people in Iraq have been taking to the streets for political change. At the weekend, people were killed again. Protesters hold the access roads to the country's main port.
For political change: Iraqis have been taking to the streets for weeks

In clashes between anti-government protesters and the police in Baghdad, there have been more deaths. Two demonstrators had been killed on the weekend, said emergency services AFP. Iraq has formed a protest against the government in early October. Since then, more than 250 people have been killed in the protests.

Tear gas against protesters

The demonstrators gathered again in Tahrir Square. On adjacent bridges that lead across the Tigris into the heavily secured green zone with its government buildings and foreign embassies, security forces were violent against the government opponents. They tried to force the crowd back with tear gas, and the demonstrators retreated behind barricades. Apart from the two fatalities, there were dozens injured, according to rescue workers.
Iraqi protests in Baghdad (Reuters / K. Al-Mousily)
Dead and injured: security forces in Baghdad use tear gas grenades
According to security sources and rescue workers, several demonstrators were killed by tear gas grenades fired by the security forces. These are much more dangerous than conventional tear gas grenades and can penetrate according to the human rights organization Amnesty International skull.

Government critics occupy a major port

At least 120 people were injured in protests around the port in Umm Kasr on Saturday. The security forces also used tear gas and live ammunition against the demonstrators who have been blocking the port in the south of the country for days, the independent Iraqi High Commissioner for Human Rights reported. Dozens of ships were prevented from unloading their goods. Umm Kasr is Iraq's main access to the sea.
Iraqi protests at Umm Qasr harbor (Reuters / E-al-Sudani)
Port Umm Kasr: Blockade of an economic factor
A parliamentary commission called on protesters to end the blockade of the only deep-water port in Iraq. The ports of the country are of great importance to the economy. Eyewitnesses reported that the security forces attacked around 1,000 demonstrators blocking the port's gates. The sitting blockade near the southern Iraqi city of Basra is part of the mass protests against the government.

Chaos on the streets

The protests have largely brought public life to a standstill. In Baghdad, as well as in cities in the south of the country, schools and public administrations were closed for the first time, according to journalists from the news agency AFP. Protesters also paralyzed traffic with street blockades. Sunday is the first day of the working week in the predominantly Muslim country.
Iraq l protests at Umm Qasr harbor (Getty Images / AFP / H. Faleh)
Blockade at Umm Kasr harbor: Protesters paralyze ship unloading
In Baghdad, young Iraqis parked cars on the main roads. The police watched the situation, but did not intervene. Demonstrators blocked roads and bridges in the city of Kut in the east of the country. "We have decided to cut off the road links as a message to the government that we will continue to protest until corrupt people and thieves are expelled and the regime falls," said Tahseen Nasser, a 25-year-old protester.
Students took part in sit-ins at their schools. The country's Teachers' Union extended the strike it had begun last week. The engineering, medical and bar associations also support the protests.

Government announces reforms

The protest movement is now turning against the entire political and religious leadership and calling for the "overthrow of the regime". Students, trade unions and non-governmental organizations have joined the protest.
Iraq protests in Baghdad (Getty Images / AFP)
Thousands on the street: Saturday protests in the center of Baghdad
The government's reforms and plans for an early parliamentary election did not satisfy the demonstrators. "We have had elections for 16 years and we have not got anything," said 30-year-old demonstrator Haidar. Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi announced that he would resign as soon as a replacement was found. The new electoral law will be submitted to Parliament next week. But the protesters warn against being satisfied with "fake reforms".

"Listening to the Iraqis"

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on the Iraqi government to engage in dialogue with the demonstrators. It should "listen to the legitimate demands of the Iraqis," said Pompeo in Washington. The government of Prime Minister Abdel Mahdi accused Pompeo of lacking "sufficient credibility" in her investigation into violence at the protests. Iraqis have a right to "genuine accountability and justice." The US Secretary of State called on all sides to renounce violence.
Even before the official start, the election campaign in the UK is in motion. Prime Minister Johnson apologizes for the Brexit delay and Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage does not want to run.
From the new election, the Prime Minister hopes clear conditions in Parliament

With concessions, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to win over undecided voters. Just over a month before the parliamentary election on 12 December, the conservative head of government apologized for not having led the country out of the European Union as of 31 October despite his repeated promises.
He was sorry that he had not kept his promise, Johnson said in an interview with Sky. "I am very, very disappointed." Since taking office in July, Johnson has repeatedly stressed that Brexit will be enforced "at all costs" until 31 October. He even said he would rather "lie dead in the ditch" than ask for another shift.
Great Britain London |  Boris Johnson Will not Negotiate Brexit Renewal (picture-alliance / dpa / PA Wire / House of Commons)
Regrets the uncertainty for his country: Prime Minister Boris Johnson
His exit agreement negotiated with Brussels, however, fell through in the British Parliament. Moreover, MEPs forced him to request an extension of time in Brussels. The EU then granted a three-month Brexit extension until 31 January.
The discussion about Brexit is thus at the center of the early parliamentary elections. As the newspaper "The Times" reports, Johnson wants to concentrate on getting his Brexit deal negotiated with Brussels through Parliament after the vote. In addition, his Dohung with a no-deal, so an unregulated departure of Britain from the EU, off the table. At the moment it is completely unclear whether the election actually - as hoped by Johnson - ensures clear majorities in the lower house.

Farage does not want to run

In addition, the prime minister threatens danger from the right edge. An offer from the Brexit party of Nigel Farage, who is not yet represented in the House of Commons, to cooperate in the election with the Conservatives, Johnson had rejected. Now Farage reiterated that he himself does not run for parliament.
Britain's Nigel Farage (picture-alliance / PA Wire / A. Matthews)
Brexit hardliner Nigel Farage could chase away the Conservative votes (archive image of the European election campaign in May)
Instead, he wants to fight nationwide against Johnson negotiated with the EU "divorce contract" announced the Brexit hardliner in the BBC. He had thought deeply about how he could best serve the Brexit cause, whether by sitting in Parliament or supporting the party's candidates throughout the United Kingdom. "And I have decided that the latter course is the right one."

Scots fight for their cause

In this way, the Brexit party could chase away the Conservative vote and, according to experts, strengthen Labor's biggest opposition party. Another role in the campaign will also be the call for a second Scottish independence referendum. In Glasgow thousands demonstrated on Saturday for a new referendum. Scottish Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon said in a statement: "An Independent Scotland is closer than ever before, it's really within reach." She wants to apply for a new referendum in London before Christmas.Successor to

John Bercow

This Monday, the House of Commons votes on the succession of John Bercow, President of Parliament, known for his distinctive "Order" calls. The 56-year-old had announced his resignation at the beginning of September by 31 October at the latest. Best chances are given to Labor MP Lindsay Hoyle, formerly Vice-Speaker, and Harriet Harman, the longest-serving parliamentarian, as well as the Conservative Eleanor Laing.
In Glasgow, thousands of nationalists have demonstrated for the secession of Scotland from Britain. Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon wants to apply for a new referendum in London before Christmas.
This protester in Glasgow wants to "bury" the Union with London

According to the organizers, about 20,000 people came to the "march for independence". Many waved Scottish flags. Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon also appeared at the rally.
Sturgeon warned that a victory by the Conservative Party of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson in the parliamentary election on December 12 meant that "Scotland is torn against the will of the European family of states". "The much better alternative is to take the future into our own hands and become an independent country," she explained. However, there were also opposing voices: on the fringes of the mass demonstration, some citizens campaigned with British flags to stay in the United Kingdom.
"Independent Scotland is closer than ever, and it's really within reach," Sturgeon wrote in a post published on the website of their Scottish National Party (SNP) before the demonstration began.
The day before, she had announced that she would try for a new independence referendum in London before Christmas. The upcoming British general election called it a "fateful election": "We face a catastrophic Brexit that would cost jobs and severely damage Scotland as a nation."
UK Independence Rally in Glasgow (Getty Images / AFP / A. Buchanan)
Flags for Scottish independence: In the Brexit referendum, the majority of Scots had voted in favor of remaining in the EU
The Autonomy Act stipulates that Scotland needs the permission of the British Government for a final referendum. The SNP therefore wants to request that the regional parliament in Edinburgh, where Sturgeon is seated, be given the power to make such a referendum.
In a first independence referendum in 2014, 55 percent of the participants had opposed a secession from the United Kingdom. At the Brexit vote in 2016, however, a clearer majority of the Scots, namely 62 percent, spoke in favor of remaining in the European Union. There were calls for a new vote of independence.
Meanwhile, Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn rejected Sturgeon's statement that his party would not stand in the way of a Scottish referendum in the event of a victory. A referendum was "neither necessary nor desirable," Corbyn pointed out.
The Tourism Summit will be held in Berlin on Monday: the motto "Tourism in Times of (Climate) Change" will engage representatives of politics and business. In the thick of it, though not there: climate activist Greta Thunberg.
The summit and the spirit of Greta

When the Swedish student and initiator of the "Fridays for Future" campaign Greta Thunberg did not board the plane for a trip to America, but instead sailed on a sailboat across the Atlantic, the issue of "emission-free travel" took on a very broad public discussion one.
It also reached the tourism industry, whose business consists of transporting many people over great distances. For example, at this year's 22nd Berlin Tourism Summit, climate change is not the focus of attention.

Flying shame is for the time being a question of faith

After Greta Thunberg, like her Viking ancestors, set out on a sailboat towards America around 1000 years ago , news came from Sweden that more and more people also wanted to do without flying. And, of course, there was a media-friendly buzzword right away: flying ash .
Atlantic crossing of climate activist Greta Thunberg (picture-alliance / dpa / K. Wigglesworth)
"Sailor" Greta Thunberg. Although not in Berlin at all, it determines the agenda of the tourism summit.
But whether they really exist is controversial. Also Torsten Schäfer is not sure. Schäfer is Head of Communications at the German Travel Association (DRV). The industry association represents the interests of travel companies, among others, towards politics. In any case, he said to DW, the mooring to numbers, because "to judge it is still too early."
According to Schäfer, the industry reckons on a larger scale: "Most Germans book their annual leave long in advance, which has not played a major role in the bookings for this year." Only in the next year or the year after next you can prove the flying shame with numbers - or not.
Air France Airline Director-General Anne Rigail also said in an interview with Le Parisien newspaper on 1 October that she was unable to confirm reports of the effects of the flight ash . The current decline in bookings is "not high enough" to be able to determine clear causes.

It will continue to flow

A media report suggests, however, that there is currently at least in Germany no flying ash. On 9 October, the "Rheinische Post" reported that the number of air passengers in Germany had risen further. That would have resulted in air traffic data from the Federal Statistical Office.
Accordingly, there has been an increase in passenger numbers in German air traffic every month since August 2018 compared to the corresponding month of the previous year. In the twelve months from August 2018 to July 2019, about 125.1 million flight passengers started from Germany. In the twelve months from August 2017 to July 2018 it was 119.4 million.

The demands on politics

The president of the German Tourism Association, Michael Frenzel , had called for "fair competition conditions" at last year's tourism summit last November. Traditional companies would often still have stricter requirements than digital competitors. The classic travel agency business is falling behind the providers on the Internet more and more behind.
The industry has also long been relieved of politics , such as bureaucracy and labor law. It demands a flexibilization of the working time laws. The rigid daily maximum working time in the working time law is not up to date, Frenzel had already complained at the 21st Tourism Summit.
Spain Tourists in Valencia (picture alliance / dpa / epa / M. Bruque)
The bread business of the tour operators: summer, sun, beach and quite a lot of tourists.

Tourism as an economic factor - and globally

The DRV warns in the words of Torsten Schäfer on the topic of "climate change". For "the abandonment of travel as a basic freedom" is not a solution from the point of view of tour operators: we all profit from tourism, we all want to go on holiday, we want to explore the world. "
Radical solutions would not only jeopardize jobs in Germany - according to the industry association, there were around three million jobs in tourism. Jobs and livelihoods are also in danger globally: "Some countries are dependent on tourism, and if this sector of industry would break away, many people's livelihood would disappear."
DRV press spokesman Torsten Schäfer points out a number that is to prove the importance of the industry: "15 German travelers, for example, support a job in developing and emerging countries."

The customer is required

The German travel association sees not only the legislature demanded, he also takes the customer into the obligation. He has to "make sure that you fly climate-friendly." You can choose the airlines that they use new aircraft, you can make sure that the hotel operates according to certain standards that it is rated as sustainable. "
In any case, the travel industry, says Torsten Schäfer, is sensitized to the topic "Tourism in times of (climate) change". After all, radical climate change could even destroy the industry's business foundation. Because, says Torsten Schäfer: "An intact environment is vital for us all and it is also the basis of the economy for the tourism industry."
Torsten Schäfer suggests that there is still a lot to do for the tour operators, as he talks about the importance of climate change for his industry: "People's awareness is there, but concrete demand is not as pronounced as this also applies to offers of travel agencies. "
Refugees demonstrate in Cape Town against increasing xenophobia. But the demonstration is being violently broken up and the migrants are seeking protection in a crowded church. From Cape Town Adrian Kriesch.
The anger of the refugees from Cape Town

The Methodist Church in the center of Cape Town is completely overcrowded. Everywhere piled luggage, people are in the hallways and sitting on the benches. The air is stuffy, the mood is tense. Again and again, there are disputes. Most of them have not slept properly for more than three weeks.
So does Sylvie Nahimana, who sits exhausted on the ground. She is from Burundi, has been living in South Africa for 21 years. Since then, xenophobia is increasing every year. "I'm just angry," she says. "I want to get away, to some place where we are safe - and how people are treated, not like cockroaches."
South Africa l Greenmarket Square in Cape Town - refugee Sylvie Nahimana (DW / A. Kriesch)
Sylvie Nahimana in conversation with DW correspondent Adrian Kriesch

Batons, tear gas, water cannons

For three weeks she had camped in front of the United Nations refugee center office in Cape Town, together with dozens of other migrants. They say: In South Africa they are no longer safe after a wave of xenophobic violence in September. And they want to be taken to another country. But instead of a solution came on Wednesday, the police. They passed a court order prohibiting migrants from camping in front of the building. With truncheons, tear gas and water cannons.
Sylvie Nahimana was injured on the arm. 100 migrants were arrested for a short time - because they refused to vacate the place. "If a policeman pulls a child away from a mother, then my children will have no future in this country," says Nahimana. Her three children were born in South Africa. But until today, they have not received birth certificates. The system is slow and discriminatory. Now the family is seeking refuge with 300 other migrants in the church in the center, which they spontaneously picked up after the police intervention.
South Africa l Greenmarket Square in Cape Town - Methodist Church (DW / A. Kriesch)
Migrants in a church at Greenmarket Square in Cape Town

South Africans donate food

Some South Africans have come to help. They bring food, water, diapers. He was disgusted by the police and xenophobia, says an elderly gentleman. In addition, Ali Sablay from the aid organization "Give of the Givers" invites food from a truck - reminiscent of the apartheid times in which South Africans have found refuge in other African countries. "We are all Africans, we must respect each other. Xenophobia has no business here, we should help each other instead of fighting each other. "
South Africa l Greenmarket Square in Cape Town - Ali Sablay from the aid organization "Give of the Givers" (DW / A.
Ali Sablay calls for an end to xenophobia in South Africa
South Africa is one of the strongest economic countries on the continent - and the destination of migrants from all over Africa. They flee from wars, economic crises, lack of prospects and hunger in their home countries. 270,000 refugees live officially in the country. The number of undocumented migrants without residence permits is likely to be significantly higher. There are no exact figures, the estimates vary between 500,000 and 5 million. But the economy is in crisis: nearly 60 percent youth unemployment, exploding public debt, massive inequality. Twenty-five years after the end of apartheid, the majority of the population is still living in poverty - and anger is increasingly directed against migrants.

Destination: Dubai, Europe or Canada

But the case of the protesting migrant group in Cape Town is a special one. They come from ten different countries, including the Congo, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Bangladesh. And most of them do not want to go back to their homeland. Even there, they say, it's not safe. Dubai, Europe or Canada - that would be the ideal solution for many.
South Africa l Greenmarket Square in Cape Town - JP Balous (DW / A. Kriesch)
Refugee spokesman JP Balous refuses to leave the church on Greenmarket Square
Therefore, some critics of xenophobic violence see the migrants in the church rather as a knight of fortune than as a victim. "They want a free trip to Canada, spending days and nights with toddlers on the street in the open air," comments a South African on the DW Africa Facebook page. "This is blackmail! They used their children as shields against eviction." Another South African writes: "I live in Cape Town - and there was no xenophobic violence here."

No solution in sight

In fact, the recent xenophobic riots did not take place in Cape Town, but in other cities in South Africa. Right next to the Methodist Church on Greenmarket Square in Cape Town is a large African art market. Many dealers come from abroad - and feel well. "They just bother us here," says a trader from Malawi, pointing to the protesters in front of the church. He sells masks to tourists - who have stayed away since the riots. "I have not sold since the morning, and yesterday I did not earn a cent - and today the same".
South Africa l Greenmarket Square in Cape Town - foreign traders (DW / A. Kriesch)
Some traders at Greenmarket Square also criticize the refugees

How it goes for the migrants is completely unclear. The UN refugee agency has asked them to return to their homes in Cape Town. "We stay here, and if the church no longer wants us, we'll go back to sleep on the street," says JP Balous, a spokesman for the Migrants Group from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sylvie Nahimana nods determinedly. Next to her is all her belongings in a few travel bags. "If there was peace in my homeland, I would go back," says the woman from Burundi. "But there is no peace - so they should take me somewhere I'm sure."
In a traffic control in southern France, a truck has been stopped in which 30 Pakistanis were hidden. The police discovered her at a check at a toll booth near the Italian border.
Border control (icon)

According to the public prosecutor in Nice, the Pakistani refugees, including three young people, were handed over to the Italian authorities. The driver of the truck, also from Pakistan, was arrested.
Investigators are now investigating whether smuggling networks and clients are behind the incident. If this is not the case, according to a spokesman for the authorities, the driver of the truck will immediately be brought before a criminal judge and charged with aiding and abetting illegal immigration. 
Only recently had an illegal entry into Europe by truck a dead end. On the night of October 23, in an industrial area east of London, the bodies of 31 men and eight women were discovered in a truck refrigerated container. According to current police evidence, the dead are Vietnamese citizens .

Authorities believe that they tried to illegally get to Britain. The driver is in custody, another man was arrested on Friday in Dublin. Arrests were also made in Vietnam in this case.